On 3 October, a 4-person UNDAC Team was deployed to Erbil, Iraq to support the establishment of the Humanitarian Operations Centre (HOC), as part of the preparedness measures leading up to the Mosul Humanitarian Response.
The humanitarian consequences of the impending military offensive in Mosul City is likely to trigger a large-scale population displacement (impacting up to 1.5 million people), requiring a fast-paced and complex response operation. The HOC became operational on 8 October, and is designed to be a pace-setting mechanism in support of inter-cluster coordination analysis and response planning processes, with reporting lines directly to the Head of the OCHA office and the Humanitarian Coordinator.
The remaining tasks of the UNDAC included: to sustain the effective functioning of the HOC, including providing a broad overview of the evolving situation and the humanitarian response necessary to maintain common situational awareness; continue to facilitate response planning activities involving relevant clusters to ensure coherent approach in addressing inter-cluster issues; and, prepare a handover plan for the HOC post 9 November. This was a non-traditional mission for the UNDAC Team and provided an opportunity to creatively propose operational and practical approaches for response preparedness needs.